Debt/Income Ratio

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to determine your maximum monthly payment after you have paid your other recurring debts.


About the qualifying ratio

Usually, underwriting for conventional mortgages requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) ratio.

For these ratios, the first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can go toward housing costs. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, homeowners' dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything that makes up the payment.

The second number in the ratio is what percent of your gross income every month which can be spent on housing costs and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes things like car loans, child support and monthly credit card payments.

Examples:

With a 28/36 qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .28 = $2,240 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .36 = $2,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .29 = $2,320 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .41 = $3,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you want to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, please use this Mortgage Qualification Calculator.

Remember these ratios are only guidelines. We'd be thrilled to help you pre-qualify to determine how large a mortgage loan you can afford. Union Mortgage Investment Group can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Give us a call: 305-598-9896. Ready to begin? Apply Now.

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